Parodontology

 Parodontology deals with the treatment and prevention of periosteal tissue diseases. Lets try to get familiar with some of the medical terms in the public language and get information about the necessary medical treatment.

The main aspects of parodontology are:

  • Gingivitis

  • Parodontitis

  • Parodontosis

 

  • Gingivitis is an early stage of gums inflammation process. It is characterized by mild gingival bleeding, itching, and tooth decay (dental plaque and calculus)

  • Parodontitis is the next, second stage of gingivitis. It is characterized by hard tooth deposits, unpleasant odor, swollen and bleeding gums, gingivitis that cause tooth movement.

  • Parodontosis usually appears due to systematic diseases, has chronic nature. The characteristics are: absence of  teeth movement, absence of gingival pockets, especially on the first stage there are cervical and root exposure without gingival inflammation; progressive bone resorbtion occurs.

Prevention and treatment in the early stages of the disease are considered to be more effective worldwide than the disease found after complains. Especially in developed countries, the main requirement of the medical insurances is preventive screening, as it is more effective and less costly for the insurance company or the state than the treatment of accidentally discovered illness.

F or example, in Germany the patient is obliged to cover the costs of self-treatment if he / she does not follow the schedule of mandatory prophylactic examinations, does not visit the doctor on time, and the disease is discovered only after development, with complaints only. That is why the population of Germany visits a doctor in a very conscientious, clear schedule, even in the absence of complaints.

Our field of dentistry is no exception. In particular, we can offer some tips for avoiding periodontal problems.

  1. The easiest is the prevention of gingivitis – you need to have dental examination 1-2 time a year, remove dental plaque. This procedure requires very little time from the patient and is effective enough to avoid gingivitis. The salts in the water always leave stains on the bottom of the tea pot visible to us. In the same way, the salts from saliva leave plaque on teeth producing dental calculus. This process is different in different people depending on the patient's hygiene, saliva composition, metabolism, genetic predisposition and other circumstances. It is important to point out the dental calculus can be above and under gingiva. The latter remain unnoticed for the patient's eye, are only found when examined with the use od instrument, and if you are sure that you do not have a calculus because you do not see it, it does not mean that it does not exist.

  2. Parodontitis requires a slightly more careful approach. Removal of  dental calculus is mandatory twice a year, if necessary also use of medication in the form of rashes, intravenous medications and topical creams.

  3. In case of parodontosis, in addition to the mandatory visits to the dentist twice a year, it is also necessary to identify the cause of the parodontosis. It is often caused by systemic diseases (cardiovascular, diabetes mellitus, metabolic disorders, kidney diseases, etc.). In this case, treatment should be carried out with a specialist in the field of chronic disease to obtain the best treatment outcome. Parodontosis is very common in cases where the patient did not pay attention to the oral hygiene and oral problems for a long time.

 

To summarize the above, we recommend that you visit a dentist twice a year, get acquainted with your problems and provide timely solutions to them.